The Crossroads Mothers Study

Crossroads is a multi-site, longitudinal study of first-time adolescent offenders investigating the long-term impacts of formal versus informal processing. The Crossroads Mothers study augments the Crossroads study with interviews with the female guardians of Crossroads youth, as well as official records from Child Welfare Services and the Department of Probation.


The Juvenile Risk Assessment Study

In cooperation with the Ingham County Juvenile Court and Child Protective Services, the Juvenile Risk Assessment Study investigates the predictive validity of risk assessments associated with drug relapse, sexual offending, human trafficking, and more. Longitudinal data on juvenile offending and risk are collected for all youthful offenders in Ingham County. 


The Short-Term Detention Study

In cooperation with the Ingham County Youth Center, this study examines the efficacy of various programs within short-term detention in terms of facility safety and youth recidivism. Longitudinal data are collected for every youth who enters the facility, and are linked to risk and recidivism scores collected by the county.

The Adolescent Social Development & Sleep Study

The ASDS Study examines the extent to which normative adolescent social development and sleep patterns are disrupted by incarceration. The study compares markers of social development and healthy sleep in matched samples of incarcerated youth, youth on probation, and non-arrested youth over the course of three years, and track how social development and sleep corresponds to mental health and re-offending.

*Dalzell, E. & Cavanagh, C. (in press). Measuring physical maturity in the maturity gap: Youth self-perceived physical development and delinquency. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology.


*Kitzmiller, M. K., Cavanagh, C., Cauffman, E., Frick, P., & Steinberg, L. (in press). Parental incarceration and the mental health of juvenile offenders: The moderating role of neighborhood disorder. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law.


Cavanagh, C., Fine, A., & Cauffman, E. (in press). How do adolescents develop legal cynicism? A test of legal socialization mechanisms among youth involved in the justice system. Justice Quarterly.


Fine, A., Simmons, C., Cavanagh, C., Rowan, Z., & Cauffman, E. (2020). Implications of youths’ perceptions of police bias and the code of the street for violent offending. Psychology of Violence, 10(5), 473-482.


Cavanagh, C., *Paruk, J., & Cauffman, E. (2020). Lesson learned? Mothers’ legal knowledge and juvenile re-arrests. Law and Human Behavior, 44(2), 157-166.


Fine, A., Donley, S., Cavanagh, C., & Cauffman, E. (2020). Youth perceptions of law enforcement and worry about crime from 1976-2016. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 47(5), 564-581.


Cavanagh, C., *Dalzell, E., & Cauffman, E. (2020). Documentation status, neighborhood disorder, and attitudes toward police and courts among Latina immigrants. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 26, 121-131.