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The Crossroads Mothers Study

Crossroads is a multi-site, longitudinal study of first-time adolescent offenders investigating the long-term impacts of formal versus informal processing. The Crossroads Mothers study augments the Crossroads study with interviews with the female guardians of Crossroads youth, as well as official records from Child Welfare Services and the Department of Probation.


The Short-Term Detention Study

In cooperation with the Ingham County Youth Center, this study examines the efficacy of various programs within short-term detention in terms of facility safety and youth recidivism. Longitudinal data are collected for every youth who enters the facility, and are linked to risk and recidivism scores collected by the county.

The Juvenile Risk Assessment Study

In cooperation with the Ingham County Juvenile Court and Child Protective Services, the Juvenile Risk Assessment Study investigates the predictive validity of risk assessments associated with drug relapse, sexual offending, human trafficking, and more. Longitudinal data on juvenile offending and risk are collected for all youthful offenders in Ingham County. 


The Adolescent Social Development & Sleep Study

The ASDS Study examines the extent to which normative adolescent social development and sleep patterns are disrupted by incarceration. The study compares markers of social development and healthy sleep in matched samples of incarcerated youth, youth on probation, and non-arrested youth over the course of three years, and track how social development and sleep corresponds to mental health and re-offending.

Barendse, M., Flannery, J., Cavanagh, C., et al. (in press). Longitudinal Change in Adolescent Depression and Anxiety Symptoms from before to during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Research on Adolescence.


Cavanagh, C., Simmons, C., *Liggett O’Malley, R., Frick, P., Steinberg, L., & Cauffman, E. (in press). The Moderating Role of Maternal CU Traits in the Stability of Justice-Involved Adolescents’ CU Traits. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.


*Acland, E., & Cavanagh, C., (in press). Anger, violence, and recidivism in justice system involved youth. Justice Quarterly.


*Kitzmiller, M. K., *Hoskins, K., & Cavanagh, C. (in press). Examining sex-based measurement invariance in the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory. Crime & Delinquency.


Cavanagh, C. (2022). Healthy adolescent development and the juvenile justice system: Challenges and solutions. Child Development Perspectives, 16(3), 141-147.


*Kitzmiller, M. K., *Paruk, J., & Cavanagh, C. (2022). Criminogenic risk score trajectories of justice-involved youth:  An investigation across race/ethnicity. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 49(9), 1342–1358.


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